What are the most important theological terms that every Christian should know?

Which theological terms would make your shortlist?

Here’s the list of terms found in “Jargon-Busting: A Glossary of Theological Terms,” at the back of Alister E. McGrath’s excellent Christian Theology: An Introduction (25th Anniversary Edition).

  • adoptionism
  • aggiornamento
  • Alexandrian School
  • allegory
  • Anabaptism
  • analogy of being (analogia entis)
  • analogy of faith (analogia fidei)
  • anthropomorphism
  • Antiochene School
  • anti-Pelagian writings
  • apocalyptic
  • apologetics
  • apophatic
  • apostolic era
  • appropriation
  • Arianism
  • atonement
  • Barthian
  • beatific vision
  • Beatitudes
  • Calvinism
  • Cappadocian fathers
  • Cartesianism
  • catechism
  • catharsis
  • catholic
  • Chalcedonian definition
  • charisma, charismatic
  • Charismatic movement
  • Christology
  • circumincessio
  • conciliarism
  • confession
  • consubstantial
  • consubstantiation
  • contemplation
  • creed
  • Deism
  • dialectical theology
  • Docetism
  • Donatism
  • doxology
  • Ebionitism
  • ecclesiology
  • Enlightenment
  • eschatology
  • Eucharist
  • evangelical
  • exegesis
  • exemplarism
  • fathers
  • fideism
  • filioque
  • Five Ways
  • fourth gospel
  • fundamentalism
  • hermeneutics
  • hesychasm
  • historical Jesus
  • historico-critical method
  • history of religions school
  • homoousios
  • humanism
  • hypostatic union
  • icons
  • ideology
  • incarnation
  • justification by faith, doctrine of
  • kenoticism
  • kerygma
  • liberal Protestantism
  • liberation theology
  • liturgy
  • logos
  • Lutheranism
  • Manicheism
  • modalism
  • monophysitism
  • neo-orthodoxy
  • ontological argument
  • orthodoxy
  • parousia
  • patripassianism
  • patristic
  • Pelagianism
  • perichoresis
  • Pietism
  • postliberalism
  • postmodernism
  • praxis
  • Protestantism
  • Quadriga
  • radical Reformation
  • Reformed
  • Sabellianism
  • sacrament
  • schism
  • scholasticism
  • Scripture principle
  • Socinianism
  • soteriology
  • synoptic gospels
  • synoptic problem
  • theodicy
  • theopaschitism
  • theotokos
  • Thomism
  • transubstantiation
  • Trinity
  • two natures, doctrine of
  • typology
  • Vulgate
  • Zwinglianism

By Joshua Steele

Software engineer using "dead" languages to help the living. Learn more at joshuapsteele.com.

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